- Social function :
The social purpose of reports is presenting information about something.
They generally describe an entire class of things, whether natural or made: mammals, the planets, rocks, plants, computers, countries of origin, transportation, and so on.
- Generic structure:
Generic classification: tell what phenomena under discussion is
Description : tells the phenomena is like in the terms of:
· parts and their function
· Habits or behaviours
LANGUAGE FEATURES OF REPORT:
General nouns :reptiles in Comodo island
Relating verbs / relational process
( is , are, …)
Action verbs ( birds fly, they eat…)
Technical terms ( water contain hydrogen and oxygen ..)
Paragraph with topic sentence to arrange some information
EXAMPLE OF REPORT
Sydney the Metropolitan City
Sydney is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population around 4.12 million. It is the state capital of New South Wales and is the site of the first European colony in Australia. The city is Australia’s largest financial centre. Sydney is located on Australia’s south-east coast. The city is built around Port Jackson, which includes Sydney Harbour, leading to the city’s nickname, “the Harbour City”.
This city is a major international tourist destination famous for its beaches and twin landmarks: the Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge. The metropolitan area is surrounded by national parks, and contains many bays, rivers and inlets. Sydney also has many shopping centres and retail outlets throughout the city. The Queen Victoria Building on George Street also contains many shops. Many of the large regional centres around the metropolitan area also contain large shopping complexes.
Sydney has several museums. The biggest are the Australian Museum (natural history and anthropology), the Powerhouse Museum (science, technology and design), the Art Gallery of New South Wales, the Museum of Contemporary Art and the Australian National Maritime Museum.
Sydney’s Central Business District (CBD) extends southwards for about 3 kilometres (1.25 mi) from Sydney Cove. It is the point of the fi rst European settlement in the area at the southern end of the bridge known as “The Rocks”. It is densely concentrated with skyscrapers and other buildings including historic sandstone buildings such as the Sydney Town Hall and Queen Victoria Building are combined by several parks such as Wynyard and Hyde Park.
Archipelago(kb) : kepulauan/ sekumpulan pulau
lagoon (kb) : danau di pinggir laut
landmark (kb ) : bangunan atau benda yang mudah dilihat
marshy (ks) : basah dan lembek
noble (kb) : bangsawan
residence (kb) : tempat tinggal
rural (kb) : pedesaan
The Queen of the Adriatic
Venice is a city in northern Italy. It is the capital of region Veneto. Together with Padua, the city is included in the Padua-Venice Metropolitan Area. Venice has been known as the “Queen ofthe Adriatic”, “City of Water”, “City of Bridges”, and “The City of Light”. The city stretches across 117 small islands in the marshy Venetian Lagoon along the Adriatic Sea in northeast Italy.
Venice is world-famous for its canals. It is built on an archipelago of 117 islands formed by about 150 canals in a shallow lagoon. The islands on which the city is built are connected by about 400 bridges. In the old center, the canals serve the function of roads, and every form of
transport is on water or on foot.
You can ride gondola there. It is the classical Venetian boat which nowadays is mostly
used for tourists, or for weddings, funerals, or other ceremonies. Now, most Venetians travel by
motorised waterbuses (“vaporetti”) which ply regular routes along the major canals and between
the city’s islands. The city also has many private boats. The only gondolas still in common use
by Venetians are the traghetti, foot passenger ferries crossing the Grand Canal at certain points
You can see the amusing city’s landmarks such as Piazza San Marco, Palazzo Contarini del Bovolo, Saint Mark’s Cathedral or villas of the Veneto. The villas of the Veneto, rural residencesfor nobles during the Republic, are one of the most interesting aspects of Venetian countryside. They are surrounded by elegant gardens, suitable for fashionable parties of high society. The city is also well known for its beautiful and romantic view, especially at night.
Adapted from: http://www.wikipedia.com
I. Answer the question based on the text!
1. What is Venice?
2. Where is it located?
3. What is it famous for?
4. What can you find there?
5. What is the characteristic of Venice?
II. Please analyze the structure of the text!